Reasons for the occurrence of residual stresses during machining of workpiece surfaces

Authors: Chudina A.A.
Published in issue: #12(53)/2020
DOI: 10.18698/2541-8009-2020-12-662

Category: Mechanical Engineering and Machine Science | Chapter: Technology and Equipment of Mechanical and Physical Processing

Keywords: residual stresses, causes of occurrence, technological factors, machining, performance, temperature, cutting force, tool, workpiece, surface layer
Published: 21.12.2020

The paper considers basic information about residual stresses and a classification of residual stresses arising in the surface layer of parts. The main reasons for the occurrence of residual stresses are analyzed and the factors influencing them are established. It is concluded that the residual stresses on the part surface after machining with a blade tool can be caused by three main reasons: uneven plastic deformations in the cutting zone because of the force action of the tool on the workpiece, high temperatures accompanying the cutting process, and structural-phase transformations occurring on the surface of the workpiece. The results of the work can be further used for a more detailed study of the factors influence degree on the nature and value of residual stresses arising in the surface layer of the part after machining with a blade tool.


[1] Blyumenshteyn V.Yu. Nauchnye osnovy tekhnologii mashinostroeniya [Scientific fundamentals of machine building technology]. Kemerovo, KuzGTU, 2011 (in Russ.).

[2] Brylev A.V. Analysis of processing variants for formed part surface like rotary body at the example of wheel pair. Inzhenernyy vestnik [Engineering Bulletin], 2012, no. 11. URL: http://ainjournal.ru/doc/513889.html (in Russ.).

[3] Brylev A.V. Shape error in thin-walled blank during fixation. Glavnyy mekhanik [Chief Mechanical Engineer], 2015, no. 10, pp. 30–34 (in Russ.).

[4] Yakovleva A.P., Naumov V.A., Sharapov S.N., et al. Causes of gear wheels damage. Glavnyy mekhanik [Chief Mechanical Engineer], 2017, no. 1, pp. 43–48 (in Russ.).

[5] Fedorova L.V., Fedorov S.K., Gamidov A.G., et al. Еffect of electromechanical surface hardening on the changening of structure and microhardness of the niresist alloy. Uprochnyayushchie tekhnologii i pokrytiya [Strengthening technologies and coatings], 2018, no. 3, pp. 106–110 (in Russ.).

[6] Yakovleva A.P. Controlling the properties of the surface layers of parts by combined processing. Spravochnik. Inzhenernyy zhurnal [Handbook. An Engineering Journal with Appendix], 2020, no. 4, pp. 27–30 (in Russ.).

[7] Yakobson M.O. Sherokhovatost’, naklep i ostatochnye napryazheniya pri mekhanicheskoy obrabotke [Roughness, cold work and residual deformation at mehcnical treatment]. Moscow, Mashgiz Publ., 1956 (in Russ.).

[8] Goderzian K.K. Vnutrennie napryazheniya v metallakh i splavakh, metody ikh izmereniya i ustraneniya [Inner stress in metals and alloys and methods for their measuring and elimination]. Moscow, TsIIN tsvetnoy metallurgii Publ., 1962 (in Russ.).

[9] Birger I.A. Ostatochnye napryazheniya [Residual stress]. Moscow, Mashgiz Publ., 1963 (in Russ.).

[10] Matalin A.A. Kachestvo poverkhnosti i ekspluatatsionnye svoystva detaley mashin [Surface quality and exploitation properties of machine parts]. Moscow, Leningrad, Mashgiz Publ., 1956 (in Russ.).

[11] Burkin S.P., Shimov G.V., Andryukova E.A. Ostatochnye napryazheniya v metalloproduktsii [Residual stress in metal products]. Ekaterinburg, Izd-vo Ural. un-ta Publ., 2015 (in Russ.).

[12] Vishnyakov Ya.D., Piskarev V.D. Upravlenie ostatochnymi napryazheniyami v metallakh i splavakh [Handling with residual stress in metals and alloys]. Moscow, Metallurgiya Publ., 1989 (in Russ.).

[13] Kolmogorov V.L. Napryazheniya, deformatsii, razrushenie [Stress, deformation, destruction]. Moscow, Metallurgiya Publ., 1970 (in Russ.).

[14] Kolmogorov G.L. Tekhnologicheskie ostatochnye napryazheniya i ikh vliyanie na dolgovechnost’ i nadezhnost’ metalloizdeliy [Technological residual stress and its effect on durability and reliability of metal products]. Perm’, PNIPU Publ., 2012 (in Russ.).

[15] Makarov A.D. Optimizatsiya protsessov rezaniya [Optimization of cutting process]. Moscow, Mashinostroenie Publ., 1976 (in Russ.).

[16] Abramov V.V. Ostatochnye napryazheniya i deformatsii v metallakh. Raschety metodom raschleneniya tela [Residual stress and deformation in metals. Calculation using body separation method]. Moscow, Mashgiz Publ., 1963 (in Russ.).

[17] Metelev B.A., Tudakova N.M., Kulikova E.A. Osnovy tekhnologii mashinostroeniya. Ch. 1. Kompleks uchebno-metodicheskikh materialov [Fundamentals of machine building technology. P. 1. Set of educational and methodological materials]. Nizhniy Novgorod, NGTU Publ., 2006 (in Russ.).